Comparison of BMP, JPG, GIF and PNG formats

BMP:

BMP stands for Bitmap file .The bitmap files are the basic image saving formats used from the time of invention of computers. It is saved as .bmp format.

Advantages:

  • Bitmap files support all versions of Windows.
  • Most suitable for icons and small images.
  • Medium quality images are produced.

Disadvantages:

  • It has the largest file size compared to other formats.
  • We tend to lose the quality of the picture obtained.

 

JPG/JPEG:

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is saved as .jpg or .jpeg format. It mainly got its hold with invention of digital cameras.

Advantages:

  • It produces high quality, high resolution and it is second largest image format compared to other formats listed here.
  • It is the most common image type used for photos.
  • Some of the cameras download photos in JPEG format.
  • We tend to get a quality image as it is with no loss in quality.

 Disadvantages:

  • Not good for images with sharp edges as they get blurred.

 

GIF:

It is abbreviated as  Graphics Interchange Format. It is saved as .gif format.

Advantages:

  • It is best used for web pages with fast uploading speed only.
  • It is the smallest compared to other formats listed here.
  • It is best suited in making text, screenshots, cartoons and animations which save the file in GIF format.
  • Also it can be used in making logo of your webpage.

Disadvantage:

  • It has limited color codes up to 256 or less.

 

PNG:

         It stands for Portable Network Graphics. It is saved as .png format.

Advantages:

  • It can also be used for website logo and screenshots.
  • Can be used in any operating systems such as Windows Vista, MAC.
  • High quality resolution images can be produced.
  • It is most useful for sharp transition images and texts and for images which require frequent editing.
  • It is loss less in nature. (i.e. no loss of quality in picture.)

Disadvantages:

It is the third largest formats of the other formats listed here.

 

 

 

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